CONSERVATION BIOLOGY RESEARCH
FINE-SCALE BEHAVIOR AND DENNING PATTERNS OF THE RECOLONIZING BLACK BEAR POPULATION
Nicole Dickan, Matt Hewitt, Amanda Veals Dutt, Justin French, and Louis Harveson
Since the 1980’s, black bears (Ursus americanus) have been undergoing a natural recolonization of West Texas after being extirpated from the state 40 years prior through predator control, unregulated hunting, and loss of habitat. Previous research on this population was conducted in the early 2000’s, however, there is a strong need for an updated understanding of bears in this region as they continue to recolonize farther into the state, especially with human-bear conflicts on the rise. This project is the first to put GPS collars on this population of bears and the first examination of fine-scale movement and behavior.
In order to investigate a wide range of behaviors, we will be conducting cluster site investigations. A cluster site is when a radiocollared animal spends a prolonged period of time in one area, showing up as a group of GPS points in a concentrated area. We will identify locations where bears had 3 or more GPS points within 50m of each other (minimum of 6 hours spent in an area). We will then investigate a sample of these cluster sites in the field to determine if bears are resting, foraging for vegetation, or consuming prey. Finally, we will determine habitat selected by bears when exhibiting each of these behaviors.
The second component of our project will focus on unique behaviors surrounding winter denning given the hot, arid climate of the Chihuahuan desert within the Trans-Pecos. We aim to 1) locate, classify, and measure dens, 2) record timing of denning, and 3) classify fine-scale habitat characteristics surrounding den sites. Den sites are crucial for bear survival and reproduction. Information on winter behavior is crucial for bear population management, particularly for this newly recolonizing population.
This research will help inform management of black bears by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department and ultimately assist these bears on their journey toward a successful recolonization and subsequent coexistence with humans.