Feral hogs are thought to have been introduced into Texas late in the 17th century, but according to historical surveys, did not find their way to the far western part of the state until the 1980s. Though their population size is likely limited in the area by water availability, feral hog populations have continued to increase in west Texas. Feral hogs can pose a threat to native flora and fauna for many reasons including their destructive rooting practices and predation on native species, particularly reptiles and ground-dwelling birds. There is also evidence that feral hogs may compete directly with native species, including deer and javelina in some locations.

In response to increased concern over what effect the growing feral hog population will have on our native flora and fauna in Trans-Pecos Texas, BRI has initiated research looking at feral hog populations in the area. Some of BRI’s feral hog research includes:

Investigating the population structure, habit use and summer diets of feral hog communities in the Davis Mountains.

Research conducted on captive feral hog communities on the effectiveness of toxicants and pheromone based attractants in feral hog control.

Research on potential effects of toxicant control methods on non-target species.